Common names: Carrot root fly
Scientific name: Psila rosae
Synonyms: Carrot fly, Carrot rust fly, CRF
Carrot family including celery, parsley, dill, fennel, parsnips, celeriac
Asia, Europe, USA
Young carrot plants that are attacked by maggots on the taproots
will wilt and eventually die. Larger plants that are attacked on the base of the taproots will show irregular brown grooves
under the surface. Plants will become stunted. Where damage is severe, the leaves will become rusty to reddish and the plants may die.
Attacked carrots become bulb-shaped, forked, and have a bitter taste. In addition, fungi and bacteria may invade the damaged tissues causing the carrots to rot.
The eggs are very tiny, white, sausage-shaped, and longitudinally grooved. Eggs are laid singly or in groups near plants or usually in cracks in the soil or just below the soil surface.
The maggot (larva) is colorless with dark mouth hook at the head. The fully mature larva is 8-10 mm long and creamy-white to white in color with no head capsule.
The pupa is about 4.5-6 mm long, barrel-shaped, and yellowish-brown in color.
nThe adult fly is about 5-8 mm long with a wingspan of about 13 mm. It has a shining-black body with reddish-brown head and yellow legs. The male has an abdomen with a rounded end, while female has a tapering ovipositor, and an elongated and pointed abdomen.