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Preventive Control

Natural enemies


Trathala flavoorbitalis is a larval and pupal parasitoid of eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) that is widely found in Bangladesh.


  1. Damselfly
  2. Dragonfly
  3. Ground beetle
  4. Ladybird beetle
  5. Spider

Management and cultural practices

  1. Plow the field to expose larvae to predators and weather.
  2. Plant resistant varieties. The eggplant accessions; Pusa Purple Long, H-128, H-129, Aushey, Thorn Pendy, Black Pendy, H-165, H-407, Dorley, PPC-17-4, PVR-195, Shyamla Dhepa, and Banaras Long Purple are reported to be tolerant or resistant to the pest. Ask for assistance from your local agriculturist for the availability of such or similar varieties in your locality.
  3. Raise seedlings under row covers and/or nets to prevent the moths from directly laying eggs on them.
  4. Practice crop rotation. The EFSB prefers eggplant. Non-planting of eggplant for 2 cropping seasons within a community/village will reduce the pest population drastically.
  5. Proper field sanitation will also reduce the pest population. Destroy or burn all plant residues as they may harbor the pupating pest.
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