jump directly to content.
Principles. Crops. Pests. Control methods Library. Links.
key visual: online information service for Non-chemical Pest Management in the Tropics

Preventive Control

Natural enemies


  1. Native parasitic wasps


  1. Dragonfly
  2. Meadow grasshopper
  3. Spider

Cultural and management practices

  1. Remove and control weeds from fields and also in the adjacent areas. Weeds serve as the pests' alternate hosts.
  2. Plow the field evenly.
  3. Apply fertilizer evenly to have uniform rice growth.
 to the top        PAN Germany, OISAT; Email oisat@pan-germany.org