Parasitized hornworm has white pouches protruding from its back. These are the cocoons
of the parasitoids
. The wasps' larvae feed inside the hornworm and kill the hornworm upon emerging.
- Ladybird beetle
Management and cultural practices
- Tilling the soil will expose pupae to ground predators and sunlight.
- Dill (Peucedanum graveolens) and borage/tailwort (Borago officinalis) are good trap crops while Basil and Marigold are good repellent crops (Golden Harvest Organics, 2003).